Violence Towards Healthcare Workers                 Orient Journal of Medicine             Vol 27 [1-2] Jan-June, 2015 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Frequency and pattern of violence towards healthcare workers in a mental health facility
Placidus OGUALILI
Richard UWAKWE
Ifeoma MODEBE

Faculty of Medicine
Nnamdi Azikiwe University
Nnewi Campus, NIGERIA 

Author for Correspondence
Dr Placidus OGUALILI
Department of Medicine
Faculty of Medicine
Nnamdi Azikiwe University
Nnewi Campus
Anambra State, NIGERIA

Email: ogualili@yahoo.co.uk
Phone: +234-806-474-0164

Received: October 2nd, 2014
Accepted: March 9th, 2015

DISCLOSURES: NONE
ABSTRACT

Background: Workplace violence is a well-recognized concern for healthcare workers and can broadly be divided into physical and psychological types.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency and pattern of violence towards healthcare workers in a mental health facility in Maiduguri, North-East Nigeria.

Methodology: It was a descriptive study that involved members of staff who belonged to the Departments of Nursing Services and Mental Health, Federal Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria. Recruitment was via convenience method over four weeks in the month of December 2013, using a self-administered questionnaire containing 26 questions, with a section for socio-demographic data, adapted from aggression questionnaire designed by Hasan Hüseyin Eker, et al.

Results: Overall, 71 out of 114 members of staff (62.3%) belonging to both Departments of Nursing Services and Mental Health of the hospital were involved in the study. More than two-thirds (69.0%) of the participants were males, and more than half (53.5%) reported being exposed to violence in the preceding 12months. Among those exposed to violence, 92.1% of them reported verbal, and 7.9% physical violence. Nearly a quarter (23.7%) of those exposed to violence reported being negatively affected.  

Conclusion: Violence by patients and their relations in this study setting was common but mainly verbal. Exposure to violence may result in negative post-exposure consequences. 


Keywords: Maiduguri, Mental Health Department, Nigeria, Nursing Services

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