Risk Factors in Hypertension                     Orient Journal of Medicine                        Vol 30 [1-2] Jan-June, 2018
ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Evaluation of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Patients with Hypertension
Ehimen P ODUM
Ochuko OTOKUNEFOR

University of Port Harcourt
Teaching Hospital
Port Harcourt
Rivers State, NIGERIA

Author for Correspondence
Dr Ochuko OTOKUNEFOR
University of Port Harcourt
Teaching Hospital
Port Harcourt
Rivers State, NIGERIA

Email: mayslady@hotmail.com
ochuko.otokunefor@uniport.edu.ng
Phone: +234 8037056312

Received: September 15th, 2017
Accepted: January 4th, 2018

DISCLOSURE
There is no conflict of interest, and we did not receive funding from any group of people or individual.
ABSTRACT
Background: Hypertension is a major health concern in developed and developing countries. Its prevalence is high in Nigeria and accounts for a great percentage of hospital visits and admissions. Hypertension is a chief risk factor for cardiovascular events. Independent risks factors, some of which are implicated in the pathogenesis and aetiology of hypertension also affects cardiovascular outcomes.
Objective: To assess some individual cardiovascular risk factors in hypertensive patients on treatment at the medical outpatient of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital.
Methodology: This was an analytical cross sectional study. One hundred and fifty patients and controls were recruited. Fasting venous blood specimens were obtained for analysis. Blood pressure, weight, height and waist circumference were measured. Age and gender were noted.
Results: The hypertensive patients had increased Body Mass Index, central obesity, increased fasting plasma glucose and dyslipidaemia when compared to the controls.
Conclusion: Majority of patients in this study had multiple cardiovascular risks and are therefore prone to cardiovascular events.




Key words: Independent risks, Dyslipidaemia, Obesity, Hyperinsulinaemia, Cardiac dysfunction, High Blood Pressure