Prostate Biopsy Complications                   Orient Journal of Medicine                    Vol 29 [3-4] Jul-Dec, 2017


Complications of Prostate Biopsy in Two Centres in Anambra State
Timothy U MBAERI
Jideofor C ORAKWE
Alexander M E NWOFOR
Emmanuel A OBIESIE
Uchenna V NWADI
Chinedu C OKOLI

Department of Surgery
Nnamdi Azikiwe University
Nnewi Campus
Anambra State, NIGERIA

Author for Correspondence
Dr Timothy U MBAERI
Department of Surgery
Nnamdi Azikiwe University Nnewi Campus
Anambra State, NIGERIA

Phone +2348034041865

Received: June 27th, 2017
Accepted: July 28th, 2017

The authors declare no conflict of interest.
No sponsorship was received for the study

Background: Prostate cancer is the most common malignant neoplasia in men and second cause of cancer related death after lung cancer. Prostate biopsy is the commonest procedure done by urologists and it is not without complications. We looked at the pattern of complications in our environment.
Objective: To assess the incidence of complications and associated risk factors amongst our prostate biopsy patients.
Methodology: A prospective study of the complications of prostate biopsy in 2 centers in Anambra South-Eastern Nigeria
Result: A total of 208 patients qualified for the study. The commonest complication was haematuria which occurred in 22(10.6%) of the patients. No patient had haematospermia and no death was recorded. Other complications recorded were rectal bleeding (2.4%), Acute Urinary Retention (5%), fever (3.8%) and pain (4.3%). Other recorded complications were syncopal attack and caudal parasthaesia in one patient each.
Conclusion: Prostate biopsy though considered safe, has attendant complications. This calls for caution in doing the procedure.

Key words: Transrectal biopsy, Haematuria, Rectal bleeding, Saddle paraesthesia